History of Music
Music is inescapable. It is present in every culture and almost every aspect of our lives. Music can be dated over 55000 years and is said to have been invented in Africa and evolved worldwide.
It goes without saying that as music is an element of culture, it is influenced by most, if not all, other elements of culture as well. This includes experience, traditions, history, climate, technology, religion, etc. Another influence on music is history, which can be generally divided into the following periods:
Prehistoric or primitive music is music that was created late in geological history. It is some of the oldest music known and shaped music thereafter. Prehistoric music includes aboriginal and native music from different tribes worldwide. This is indicative that the actual body and voice were the original and sole musical instruments. There have been more recent discoveries that would indicate there were types of instruments aside from the human voice as well, such as flutes.
With the introduction and development of writing, comes the beginning of the era of Ancient Music. It was during this period that the oldest known song was written (3400 years ago). Bagpipes, pipes and wood instruments existed in this period within different cultures. Music began to differ in between cultures.
The bible named Jubal as the inventor of musical instruments. Music shaped much of religion and songs were used to mark important events. This period is subjective and less is actually known about the music in this period, other than the songs that were used to mark certain events.
Between the Roman Empire and the Baroque era there was what is known as early music. There was much cultural difference and diversity between cultures and music amongst different regions. This was one of the most important eras for music as it developed to take on many different shapes and forms.